Prideaux Boy

Prideaux Boy, the well known and successful thoroughbred bay, was born in 1978 at The Wychnor Stud.

His sire was Idiots Delight and his dam Firella. His full pedigree can be viewed here on the Sporthorse data website.

He ran over 32 times, with an impressive record and race winnings, which can be viewed here.

Prideaux Boy was owned by C G Roach of Roach Foods Ltd until 11th August 1989. I have been unable to trace him after that date and would appreciate any information on this matter.

Graham Roach progressed to jump racing via the point-to-point field and hunting, he was always at his happiest with horses.

He said later, “We went to Doncaster where I met Keith Lewis. A customer introduced him to me and said, ‘If you want a bit of help to buy a horse or two, this is the man; he is straightforward and honest.’ “

It was here where he bought the young horse, soon to named Prideaux Boy.

Prideaux Boy

Graham Roach made his fortune with the Cornish bacon and ham processing family business, Roach Foods. The company employed 800 staff and the profits enabled Roach to purchase Prideaux House at St Blazey along with 200 acres of prime land in 1980. Cornwall is an excellent county to bring on horses.

It was here that he began to buy and train racehorses, initially enjoying considerable success with Prideaux Boy. The bay horse became a top-class hurdler, winning the Lanzarote and Swinton Hurdles and finishing 4th, to See You Then, in the 1986 Champion Hurdle and before changing to fences late in his career.

His red-and-white silks were soon etched into folklore, well before his success with Viking Flagship, dual winner of the Queen Mother Champion Chase.

By the end of the 1980’s, Graham Roach found it impossible to spend enough time training racehorses in addition to overseeing a growing business.

He said, “Cornwall is too far down geographically and there were so many business commitments. I wasn’t able to split myself in half and make it work, and it was the business that always had to come first.”

It was there, at Prideaux, where the foals and store horses received 85% of their basic training before being sent to either Oliver Sherwood or David Nicholson for final training.

Graham Roach died at the early age of 69, in September 2016 and his horses were all sold at the Goffs UK January Sale (2017), by his widow.


Walter Hingston Prideaux (1806 – 1889)

Walter Hingston Prideaux (1806 – 1899)

I thought that I would write a short biography about Walter Prideaux who descended through the line of John and Sybell of Luson and the heir Hugh. It is because of an 1835 Mahogany Longcase Clock I own.  I descend from Hugh’s brother John. Walter’s line moved through the South Hams to Kingsbridge and eventually London and Sussex.

Walter Prideaux was born 15 April 1806, at Bearscombe near Kingsbridge, the eldest of 11 children.  His parents were Walter and Sarah Ball Hingston and his grandparents were the Quaker Kingsbridge solicitor George Prideaux and his wife Anna Debell Cookworthy, daughter of Philip Cookworthy. George and Anna had 10 children, Walter was the 4th child. George Prideaux and his wife Anna lived in a large property at Bearscombe.

Walter, (his father) married Sarah Ball Hingston in 1805. Sarah was the daughter of Joseph Hingston, a partner in The Devon and Cornwall Bank, along with Walter’s cousins, Walter Were Prideaux and his son, Walter Prideaux and John Square.

Abraham Hawkins (The Kingsbridge historian), wrote in 1819;

A Bank was established at Kingsbridge in the month of February 1806, by Messrs. Walter Prideaux, John Square, Joseph Hingston, and Walter Prideaux junior. It was first opened in a house on the West side of Fore street nearly opposite the late Buttermarket, and on the North side of Millman’s Lane which communicates with the West backlet. An excellent stone mansion however, with an appropriate room for this concern, having been erected by the junior partner on the East side of Fore Street Hill, facing the houses a little above the Quakers’ meeting, the business was removed thither in 1808; and, the second partner being dead, but replaced by his son of the same Christian name, and the third removed to Plymouth, where he carries on a similar establishment, the notes of the present firm bear the designation of “Prideaux, Square, and Prideaux,” whose Loudon correspondents are messieurs Masterman, Peters, Mildred, & Co. No, 2. White-Hart Court, Gracechurch Street”.

Therefore, there were two separate banks in existence, at Kingsbridge (Prideaux, Square, and Prideaux) and at Plymouth (Hingston & Prideaux).

On 31 October 1813 the banking partnership known as Prideaux, Square, Hingston and Prideaux of Kingsbridge in Devon was dissolved by mutual consent to allow for the retirement of Joseph Hingston. Joseph went to Plymouth to open another bank and the original partnership was renamed Prideaux, Square and Prideaux.

Joseph Hingston formed a partnership in the Plymouth bank with his son in law, Walter Hingston Prideaux, both men staunch Quakers associated with the Plymouth Brethren. Walter and Sarah had moved from Kingsbridge to Plymouth in 1812, following the sale of Bearscombe. The bank was known as the Hingston & Prideaux Bank.

Walter Hingston Prideaux, the eldest son of Walter and Sarah was born on the 15th April 1806 and was the first of 12 children. Walter became a lawyer as did several of his brothers, others became eminent surgeons and the girls all married well, except for Lucy who remained at home. Walter’s younger brother Joseph Hingston drowned at Plymouth on the 24th June 1840. One sister, Sarah Anna married her cousin Samuel Prideaux Tregelles, a well-known scholar and writer It was he who wrote the foreword to the book Poems. His brother Frederick wrote Prideauxs Precedents which is still in use today.

Walter Hingston’s father died on 24th June 1832 and his mother on 20th December 1866.

Walter Hingston moved to London to continue his studies and eventually become Solicitor and Clerk to the Goldsmiths Company (a role his second son Walter Sherburne also held) and he and his family lived at Warhurst in Sussex. Following are some of the many links which reference Walter Sr and Walter Jr in their dealings with the Goldsmith companies.

Walter was a partner in a firm of solicitors with his brother and his son and the firm is still in existence as Kennedy, Ponsonby and Prideaux, initially of 52 Bishopsgate and latterly at 5 Lincolns Fields.

Walter published a book called Poems of Chivalry, Faery and the Olden Time in 1840. Towards the end of his life he also published a small book called Poems in 1892 and with a foreword by Samuel Tregelles Prideaux, who was married to Walter’s sister Sarah Anna. This book has the following statement on Page 5,

‘Only 20 numbered Copies printed for Private Circulation.’

I own Copy No.1.

Walter Prideaux was very much involved in the notorious balloon journey undertaken by Charles Green, Thomas Monck Mason and Robert Hollond. Charles Green was an accomplished balloonist and he famously experimented using coal gas instead of hydrogen. These three travelled a record distance of 500 miles in 18 hours.  Walter Prideaux was included in a painting by the artist, John Hollins called,A Consultation prior to the Aerial Voyage to Weilburgh, 1836 ‘which recorded the event. This painting is available in the National Portrait Gallery.

Walter led an adventurous life and I decided to learn about him after I came into possession of a Mahogany Longcase clock which had been made for him to celebrate the year 1835.  It seems to have been commissioned by him or for him to celebrate and acknowledge his rise in the world. Unmarried, Walter displayed the clock either in his London office or his rooms. He was a sort after lawyer, a Solicitor and Clerk to the Goldsmiths Company and working closely with Charles Green et al on their balloon project. 1835 marked the grand total of 200 balloon ascents for the men to date.

The 37-year-old Walter married 19-year-old Elizabeth Williams of Catsfield Sussex on the 14th September 1843 and they had five children.  Elizabeth was the daughter of General Sherburne H Williams of Sussex.

His boys were educated at Eton and became successful bankers and lawyers. Two of the girls remained single and the third married a Captain, moved to India where she promptly died. One boy remained unmarried and the last boy Walter Sherburne Prideaux married Catherine Povah and they had five   children including Sherburne Povah Tregelles Prideaux who became a scholar and religious writer and analyst.

My clock came from this Sherburne branch of his family, his descendants selling it at one point. It still works very well.

Walter Hingston Prideaux died in 1889 following a heart attack.


The Travels of John Prideaux 1900. Southampton to New York to Portland

The Travels of John Prideaux. Southampton to New York to Portland.

July 7th.

We were up at 5.30 am and had breakfast seven o’clock. At 7.30 we took carriage for Waterloo Station (a lovely summer morning) and arrived 8 am. 8.30 we left by train and arrived at Southampton 10.30. We went on board Steam Ship St Pauls and left for New York at 12 o’clock noon. We did some changing of our money on the Dock before we left. We had dinner 2 pm after which Mamma and I went to our berths and had a nap. The country between London and Southampton is a lovely flat open farming district. From Southampton Dock, we sailed straight for Cherbourg, the chief seaport of France and took on passengers. From there the St Paul sailed down the English Channel and passed around Lands End point around midnight.

Sunday July 8th

Up 7 am breakfasted 8.30. The weather beautiful and ocean smooth as a mill pond until 4.30 pm when the white caps came in view. After dinner Arthur was called to receive a can of six pastries and 26 cookies.
At 10.30 am. The Episcopal Service was held in the Cabin Saloon. Mamma, Arthur and I attended, the congregation was good. In the afternoon, I read the first seven chapters of first Corinthians. (The can of pastries and cookies were sent to Arthur from Cousin John Prideaux daughters at Troon.) A man played some hymn tunes on his Cornucopia accompanied by piano. Arthur had a sleep and Mamma had a nice rest lying down. In the evening, the weather began to be a little rough and us three retired feeling dick and continued so until Tuesday night. Arthur and I were the worst. Mamma never missed a meal.

Wednesday July 11th

Up 7.30. I had the first breakfast since Sunday and felt better. Last night the Fog Whistle was blowing at intervals and continued till 10 am. Then the sun shone out and the day was lovely and the sea smooth. At 10 pm we had a cup of gruel with many others and retired.

July 12th

Up at 6 am took Mamma for a walk on deck. Breakfasted 8.30. A lovely clear and bright morning, every lady seems to be bright and happy. In the afternoon, the ocean was smooth like glass in appearance and the sun set was magnificent to behold.
At 9 pm we had our cup of gruel and retired to our berths or staterooms.

July 13th

Up at 7 am. Breakfasted at 8 o’clock A wet rainy morning but cleared away 9.30. Three of us sick all day.

July 14th

Up 6.30 a lovely morning breakfasted as usual. Took on Pilot 9 am and landed in New York at 12 o’clock noon. Passed through the Customs House one o’clock. We found a Ticket Agent on Dock who took us to Hotel of whom we got our tickets for Portland Oregon. On Ontario Western Railway.
We left International Hotel 5 pm and started to cross over to New Jersey 5.20 to take train for Chicago and got seated in our own car 6 pm and started on our way 6.15. The weather quite hot and sulphery. We stopped at Congors 7 pm.

July 15th

We stopped at Oswego 3.40 am. Next, we stopped at Buffalo 8.15 am and then crossed the Niagara River Suspension Railroad Bridge into Canada. Weather still hot and close. At 12 o’clock we stopped at St Thomas for lunch then started again for Detroit Michigan and left there 3.30 pm. Arrived at Chicago 10 pm and left 10.30 pm.

July 16th

We crossed the Mississippi River at 3 am Monday morning and stopped at Monticello 6 am and we had a good thunder shower. Arrived at Omaha 4 pm and crossed the Mississippi River after a stop of 35 minutes going towards Pendleton Oregon. The forenoon was showery but the afternoon was more pleasant and the sunset was lovely to behold. 7.30 pm we stopped at Columbus Neb. For five minutes.
The roughest piece of railroad we passed over was from Chicago Milwaukie and St Pauls.

July 18th

We were up at six and stopped at Pocatello from 6 am to 6.30 for breakfast quite a rush. We ate breakfast in our car and then took seat in Chair car.
(I omitted July 17th) (JPx wrote)

July 17th

We slept very well in our sleeper, had mush and cream for breakfast at 9.30. We stopped at Cheyenne and left 10.15. At one pm we stopped at Armies for five minutes. At one o’clock am (this morning) Arthur left us at Julesburg for Denver Colorado to spend a day. And then to Ogden and Salt Lake City for a day or two to see friends and then to meet us at Pendleton.
We now return to where I stopped on the 18th. It was a beautiful sun shine morning and we stopped at Shandon for five minutes 10.15 reached Kings Hill 11.15 and made a short stop at Mountain Home at 12.50 pm.
At two o’clock and 15 minutes we stopped at Nampa and changed some cars for Bois City. Arrived at Huntington 4.45 pm and left for Pendleton 5.15. Arrived at Pendleton 10.45 pm and in 15 minutes we were at the home of our daughter Mrs A J Owen and after some refreshments etc we retired at midnight glad to rest in a steady bed.
We enjoyed the visit with our daughter Mrs A J Owen and husband and their son Walter until Monday July 23rd.

On Sunday 22nd

We attended the Church Services and S. School with our daughter “who was organist” and her husband who was choir leader. The Minister Rev John Wren preached in the morning from the words,
He shall give his Angels charge over thee to keep thee in all thy way.
The evening text was,
Chase you this day whom you will serve.
Very excellent discourse.
So ended July 22nd.
Arthur joined us at Pendleton. Saturday night 10.40 after a nice stop over at Salt Lake City.

Monday July 23rd

10 am we left Pendleton for Portland and arrived 5.45 pm. George met us at the Depot while Lillie and dau. had a nice roast of veal ready at their home for us when we came which we greatly enjoyed. After resting and talking of our journey we retired for the night.


The Travels of John Prideaux 1900. Cornwall to London.

The Travels of John Prideaux. 1900 London.

July 1st

Up at 7. Breakfast at 9, at 10.30 am we left for City Road Wesley Chapel.
We rode from Pancreas Church to opposite Wesley Chapel Gate. For half an hour, we walked about the grave yard visiting the tombs of prominent men and ministers. We took a good view of Wesley’s Tomb, a fine piece of granite work which enclosed several of the Wesleys and Dr. Adam Clarks by its side. We were then given a seat of our choice in the Gallery of the large Chapel. Service began a 11 am by singing the hymn, ‘Jesus we look to thee,’ and to tune, Dennis SM all sung heartily and then we went through most of the Episcopal Service except the Litany. This was sung a hymn to tune Platts Hymn. After which the chair sung the Te Deum Laudamus well and strong about 20 voices. The Gallery is horseshoe shape. The organ was divided in two parts one in each end of the Gallery. The organist sat and played from down in front of the Minister with the choir on either side. The Old Wesley Pulpit still in use.
The Rev R S Joice a delegate to the General Conference held at Chicago in May and from Australia preached a good sermon from John 15 – 8 verse. ‘Herein is my Father glorified that you bear much fruit.’
After the Service we made our acquaintance with the Minister and met a prominent Steward who led in the Service in reading the prayers. We got good friends very soon and he said that his niece was soon to be married to a Prideaux from Camborne. After signing our names in the visitor’s book in the vestry and looking at many things we reached Mrs Dynes at 1.30 pm had dinner at once and rested till 5 pm. We then had tea and at 5.45 left for New North Road Wesleyan Church. Arrived there when the first hymn was being sung. The Service began at 6.30. We heard this same Mr Joice preach that we heard in the morning at City Road. His text was Psalm 119 and 164 verses, ‘Great Peace have they that keep thy Law.’
The Church is about the size of City Road only more modern. The Gallery horseshoe shape and a recess for the organ in the Gallery with Choir chairs in front. The Pulpit is of platform patterns the back of which joins the chair left in front of the organ. The Sermon was good, the congregation fine and the choir excellent.
After the service we again spoke to the Minister Mr Joice and to the Pastor of the Church who greeted us heartily. (Rev Mr Wood.) who said he had been Minister there for the past nine years. We then walked to the Angle (1/2 mile) and took Bus. Arrived at Mrs Dynes 9 pm and had supper. Mamma soon retired while I sat up to write my diary. I retired 11 pm.

Monday July 2nd

We got up at 7 o’clock. Just then Arthur returned from his trip to Paris Exhibition and went to his room and slept till 10 am. (We had breakfast 9 am.) When we went to his room and woke him and had Paris news for half an hour. Then he had his breakfast.

At 11.15 three of us left for Madame Tussauds and entered at 12 noon. It was grand to behold we stayed till 2.45 pm when we left and entered Regent Park and went straight to the Zoological Gardens and saw all kinds of animals. Birds and fishes. The ostrich and children riding on elephant’s back. At 4pm we saw the wild animals fed in their cages. We left for Mrs Dynes 5.55 after seeing many wonderful sights, too many to remember and arrived there 6.35. We had dinner at 7 pm and returned to our rooms, all well tired out. It was a wet and disagreeable day.

July 3rd

Up at 8. Breakfast at 9. Wrote to John H Pearce. At 10 am we three left for the British Museum. Stayed till 1.05 pm and took Bus to Charing Cross and walked from there to The Strand where we had lunch. At 2 pm we took train for Greenwich. We crossed the River Thames and saw the Tower Bridge and a glimpse of a part of the City of London from the elevated Railway. We saw a train come out of a tunnel under the River Thames.

At 2.45 we arrived at Mrs Chapman’s at Greenwich. A cup of tea was quickly passed to us.
At 3.15 under the guidance of Mrs Chapman’s two daughters we visited the Art Gallery and the Model Gallery where saw all kinds of ship models from the time of Henry the Eighth down to the present. Then we visited the Museum of the Naval College. From there we took Bus at Nelson St. and rode to Blackwell St. from which we entered the Thames tunnel and continuing on through till we came out at the Town of Poplar and then transferred to another Bus and rode back to the place of beginning. We entered the tunnel 4.30 pm and it took us fifteen minutes to ride through with the horses on a boat. As we left the Bus at 5 o’clock we visited the St. Alfred Church nearby for about 20 minutes in which were the Royal Pews and an old time Pipe Organ and the Memorial window of General Woolf of the English Army. We were also in the Royal Pews. We entered the Royal Park 5.35 and came out at the East Gate 6.35 after an hours pleasant and profitable stay.  Right outside of the East Gate is Blackheath. The village was in plain view with its many buildings and tall Church spires. From here we turned toward Mrs Chapman’s and arrived 7.10 pm. At 8 o’clock we entered the Dining Room and for dinner we had cold roast beef, custard pudding, lettuce and watercress also strawberries and cream. When we returned to the Parlour one Miss Chapman played the piano and the other Miss Chapman played the violin to the delight of Mrs Chapman her eldest daughter (married) Mrs Prideaux, Arthur and myself. The two Miss Chapmans accompanied us all afternoon and it was because of their kindness that we enjoyed ourselves and saw so much.
We saw in the Royal Park an old oak tree hollowed out with age in which Queen Elizabeth sat and the grand old twenty-four-hour clock which regulated the time of the world. We were entertained royally by Mrs Chapman and daughters at Greenwich.

We got our tickets for Charing Cross Station in time for 9.12 pm train but had not time to get on so took 9.42 train and arrived there at 10.12 pm. Then took Bus at St. Martins Church for Euston Road and got there 10.30. In ten minutes, we were at Mrs Dynes. On our way to the museum we passed the George Whitfield Memorial Church between twelve and one o’clock pm. It was built of red brick and has two low towers. We passed it again on our return from Greenwich.

There was a hard shower of rain while we were at the British Museum with thunder and lightning.
After writing up my diary I retired at 11.40. So ended July 3rd after committing myself to my Heavenly Father in prayer as usual.

July 4th

We got up 7.30 am (a lovely morning), breakfasted at 9 am at 9.45 we three left Mrs Dynes for the Crystal Palace. We travelled by Bus and Street Car and reached the Snow Hill Station in time for the 10.40 train and reached the Crystal Palace 11.30 am.
After visiting several stores or stalls and buying some articles we had our lunch. At 2 pm The Great Organ was played by Mr Walter H Hedgecock when we listened to some numbers. At 3.15 Arthur and I rode to the top of the North Tower of the Crystal by an elevator while Mamma waited below, where we had a view of the City of London from a great height of 280 feet. 4.23 We took train for Snow Hill Station and arrived at At 5.15 we visited the YMCA for a short time. At 6 o’clock we took underground railroad at Aldergate Street Station for Gower Street Station and got to Mrs Dines 6.30. Got ready for dinner at 7 pm after which we closed up for the day very tired and retired at 9. But Arthur went again to the YMCA. We saw the American Flag flying.

July 5th

Up at 7 am and breakfast at 8 am. At 8.45 Arthur, Mamma and I started for St Pauls Cathedral and entered 9.45. At ten o’clock the regular Divine Service began by the big Pipe Organ playing a short Voluntary and many boys and men came walking into their seats each having on a white surplus while all in the building stood up and the Minister began reading with an intoned voice.
Sir George Martin was Organist. The big Pipe Organ was divided into three parts and connected by electric wire, the larger part being over the Minister’s head and the choir sung well throughout the service. The prayers and service was mainly in behalf of the War in Africa which was pending.

The scenery of the Cathedral was wonderfully grand with its massive pillars and carved work. We stopped through the Service then Arthur went inside to a lecture for an hour while Mamma and I went to D Nicholson’s Store and other places and came back and met Arthur at the Cathedral 11.45 am.

At twelve o’clock we all went and had our lunch at Cheapside after which Mrs Prideaux and I walked to the Royal Exchange and to the Bank of England which is a heavy solid looking building and back while Arthur went to call on Sir George Williams, founder of the YMCA in London.

We agreed to meet Arthur 1.30 pm at St Pauls Cathedral but Arthur did not return till 2.40 because he accepted by Sir George Williams an invitation to dine with him and Lady Williams, also the Rev. Mr Joice a Minister from Australia.
At 2.45 we took Bus for the Tower of London and after viewing it for a short time Mamma and I took Bus for Charing Cross, walked three blocks to St Martins Church (Arthur stayed to go in the Tower.) which took 30 minutes from the Tower. From there we took Bus for Euston Road which took 15 minutes. We then walked a few blocks and took Bus for the Angle and then took another Bus for the Garden Square and got to Mrs Dynes at 6 pm. Had dinner 6.45 and rested for the day both well tired out. After dinner Arthur went to Piccadilly for a ride and to see the place by gaslight. We retired 9 pm.

July 6th

We got up at 7.45 am and had breakfast 8.30. We left Mrs Dynes to visit and see the Houses of Parliament and Westminster Abbey. The Abbey is a wonderful building. It fills a person with wonder awe and amusement while we look at the magnificent arches, carvings and the many marble slabs and massive pillars that carry the roof. In this building is the Chapels and Tombs of the Royal Family. And the Great Statesmen such as Gladstone, Peel, Disraeli and a host of others have their graves here which are designated by marble slabs on the floor and many against the walls.
Divine Service is held here every day between the hours of 10 and 11 am and many visitors attend.
The service at this time was short not over half an hour. Mamma and I interested ourselves about the Abbey. At one pm after lunch we made a visit to the Parliament House. We went into its large Hall but were told it was not visitor’s day. We were shown the Abraham Lincoln Tower right across the Thames River. We walked around the beautiful grounds and noticed The Big Clock in the Tower of the Parliament House strike Two. “Big Ben.”
At 2.30 we took Bus for Hyde Park and after viewing the Lake and its surrounds and seeing Prince Alberts Memorial Tower at a distance and many other things. Mrs Prideaux and I took Bus for Euston Road and reached our Boarding Place. 4.15 pm Arthur went and I enjoyed himself seeing other sights.
At 7 pm Mr John H Pearce made us a call after which I wrote three letters and Mamma two. Then we did some of our packing and retired.

July 7th

We were up at 5.30 am and had breakfast seven o’clock. At 7.30 we took carriage for Waterloo Station (a lovely summer morning) and arrived 8 am. 8.30 we left by train and arrived at Southampton 10.30. We went on board Steam Ship St Pauls and left for New York at 12 o’clock noon. We did some changing of our money on the Dock before we left. We had dinner 2 pm after which Mamma and I went to our berths and had a nap. The country between London and Southampton is a lovely flat open farming district. From Southampton Dock, we sailed straight for Cherbourg, the chief seaport of France and took on passengers. From there the St Paul sailed down the English Channel and passed around Lands End point around midnight.


The Travels of John Prideaux 1900. Cornwall Summer.

The Travels of John Prideaux. Cornwall during the Summer of 1900.

May 15th

Arrived at Bristol 3.45 pm and left 4.10. The weather was good from Liverpool to Bristol and while in Liverpool. At 4pm we went through a long tunnel under the Severn River. At 6pm we arrived at Exeter and stopped at Elmfield Hotel.

May 16th.

7.40 am Mamma, Arthur and myself left in a carriage to Bideford and got there at 10.10 and visited the Old Church and churchyard of Mrs Prideaux’s childhood days and saw her father’s grave. Mrs P had some cut flowers at the Rector’s residence and then we went to see old Mr and Mrs Pike who knew both of Mrs P’s parents forty years before. Mr Pike showed us around and we left at 11.15 and arrived at Elmfield at 12.30 had dinner and left Exeter at 2.36 p.m. and arrived at Bodmin 5pm and at St Austell 5.30. We arrived at Scorrior Station 7.56 pm and Mrs N W Hensley’s, St Day at 8.30 pm. Met Mr and Mrs Hensley and family and after greetings awhile we had saffron cake for tea and retired at 10pm. Mrs Hensley was on the sick list.

May 17th.

Got up 6 am and had breakfast at 8.30 (Fresh Mackerel). I wrote two letters to my sisters at Pool and Camborne and took a walk to see the old established church and yard and the graves of Mrs Prideaux’s grandparents, uncles and aunt, with Mrs Prideaux and Arthur. Then we went to see St Day Methodist Church and attended the 7 o’clock Prayer Meeting in the evening.


Got up 7.30 and after breakfast took a walk and then read till noon and had roast beef for dinner. At 2.30 pm we all walked two miles to Redruth Market and enjoyed the scenery on the road. At 6 pm we all went to an eating house had tea cake and saffron buns, tea and walked back to St Day. Though tired we greatly enjoyed the day.

May 19th.

At 9.30 am We left Mr and Mrs Hensley’s, St Day in a carriage and arrived at my sisters (Mrs Pearce) near Tuckingmill at 10.30 am. Met sister at the door and had a cordial welcome. Arthur and I took a walk to see some of the old sights and Tuckingmill Chapel (Church) and then back to dinner had beef steak and potatoes etc.
At six o’clock pm. After tea, we went to Camborne (one mile) with my sister Pearce to see my sister Ann H Polmear. We returned at 10pm and retired.

Sunday May 20th

We went to Tuckingmill Church both morning and evening. Arthur and I visited Tuckingmill S. School at 2pm, about 400 scholars present. We visited my cousin Mary A Harris after this evening service for half an hour at her beautiful home. She was so pleased to see us and we were to spend a day later on which we did.

Monday 21st.

Got up at 8 o’clock had breakfast and wrote a note to George. After dinner Arthur and I walked up through Dolcarth Mine saw the tin works and then went to sister Polmear’s for an hour. On our way, we called to see Nellie Maynard and her present from Lillie which she sent by me from Portland at 6pm. We returned home with sister Pearce and after tea rested for the night.

Tuesday 22nd.

Mamma, Arthur and myself after breakfast took a long walk to Tehidy Park and through Park Bottom and by Chapel of Ease and home through Trevenson grounds to sister Pearce’s. After dinner both Mamma and I had a map. Arthur went to St Day to see the Hensley girls. Then Mamma and I wrote to Captain and Mrs Prideaux at Liverpool.

Wednesday 23rd

Up at 7am. After breakfast Mamma and I walked two miles to Pearce and gave the two handkerchiefs to Wm Endie’s sisters. At 11.15 visited the home of my birth. A Mrs Pryer lived there with husband and family. We knew Mrs Pryer when a girl and we stayed for two and a half hours, had a nice visit and all the bread and cream we could eat. We were given a nice bouquet from the old garden and then visited Betty Adit, a spring or well of lovely water.

From there we went down over Tellows Hill to the village of Brea and called to see Mrs Richard whom we knew when young. We then walked homeward through Cooks Kitchen Mine on the main road to my sister Pearce’s where we reached about 4.30 pm and glad to lay ourselves down to rest at 7 pm (after tea).

We went to Tuckingmill mid-week preaching service after which we went with Mr and Mrs Edwards to their home nearby for about an hour. Mrs Edward, we were acquainted with early in life and a Sunday morning class mate of ours for years. The class was well attended by old and young led by Capt. Roger Vivian and met from 8.00 to 9.15 am at a private home of a member. We retired about 10 pm and called it a day well spent.

May 24th

Up at 7 o’clock then read the Oregonian received from home. Mamma at her fancy work Arthur reading Oregonian and sister doing the dishes. I then wrote to Stephen. At 1.30 pm us three walked up to Troon to a Band of Hope Convention and got there at 3 o’clock and we were diverted to Cousin John Prideaux, his daughter Mary Laty open the door and said she knew me at first glance. We entered and met Annie her younger sister. Cousin John soon came downstairs and we were glad to greet each other after forty years. (His wife being in London.) We were soon at home and in a little while we went to the afternoon convention. Arthur went with Mary Laty and Annie and us two with Cousin John.
At 5.31 we attended a tea meeting in the Church vestry for the Band of Hope benefit. We then returned to cousin John’s (nearby) for half an hour to rest. 7pm we went to Church again and heard the Temperance address. 8.45 we left for Sister Pearce’s, a distance of three miles arriving at 9.35 had some lemon and retired.

May 25th

After breakfast, I wrote to George. 9.30 Arthur, Mamma and I walked to Carn Brea hill and around the castle. The view was magnificent for miles around. The sea coast of Portreath was plainly in view three and a half miles to the north while Falmouth was seeming many miles to south with Redruth one and a half miles east and Camborne two miles west, Hayle and St Ives six and eight further north west. The English Channel seems so near to Portreath we could see the white caps. On our way up Carn Brea Hill we saw and heard the Cuckoo sing and the little bird near his side.
We came back home 12.30 had dinner and rested. In the evening, we called to see Mr and Mrs Tregonning, Mr and Mrs Pengilly and Mrs Kendall at Tuckingmill.

May 26th

Changed our clothing and rested all day. In the evening, we then went to Saturday night Prayer Meeting.

Sunday 27th

Arthur and I visited Thomas Crase’s Class Meeting 8 am. 10.30 am three of us went to Pool Methodist Church. On our way home, we met Mr Thomas Willoughby. Leaving him we met Mr John Mayne and wife who we knew forty years before. After dinner 2.30pm, we went to Mr. Joseph Wren’s at Illogan Downs to tea, had lots of English cream and returned home to my sister’s at 9.15pm.

May 28th

After breakfast at 9 am we three left for Portreath three miles on the north coast. At the top of Portreath Hill we turned to the left and visited my cousin Mrs Paul at Tray Farm where we rested of an hour and had some lunch.
Then we walked to the cliff a mile away and from to Portreath another mile and a half. After walking on the beach and through archways to the water and we turned homeward through the town of Portreath where we arrived at 3.30 pm. Very tired for our walk.
We met Mrs Kendallon our return and after resting had tea at 6pm.
In the evening we were visited by Mrs Nellie Maynard (my niece) and her mother in law Mrs Maynard. We spent a pleasant evening and after supper, we retired at 10.30pm.

May 29th.

After breakfast at 9.30 Mamma took bus for St Day to her brother’s. Arthur went to Troon for the day and I went to East Pool Mine to see Joe. Wren and gave him picture of Mr Sharts and a doily from Mrs P to Mrs Wren.
After dinner I visited Holman Bros. Boiler Works. My nephew Wm Pearce the foreman showed me through. I then went to sister Polmear’s stopped to tea and returned home to Sister Pearce’s at 9 pm and retired soon after.

May 30th

Arthur and I got up at 6.20 and left for Redruth at 8 o’clock and got there in 45 minutes and left for Falmouth at 9clock on a bus. Arthur and I rode outside on top, lovely scenery all the way. Reached Falmouth 11.15 and called to see Miss Bessie Andrews at 11.40 for 15 minutes then took a walk and had dinner at a Restaurant.
At 12.50 we went again to Miss Andrews and sat with them while they took their main meal and we had a cup of tea. We met Mr Andrews and his father (very old). We then visited Old Curiosity Shop and bought a plate of old English lustre for sixpence. At 3pm we took the Fal Boat Victoria for Truro by way of the Fal River. The scenery was lovely.
Landed at Truro five minutes to four o’clock and went to the Cathedral where Divine Service was being held after which we looked the Cathedral.
At 6pm we left by rail for Redruth where we met Mamma and the Hensley girls from St Day. After wishing them goodbye we three walked to Pool to my sisters and after refreshments retired for the night.

May 31st

After breakfast Arthur and I went to see Joe Wren who showed us the big engines etc at East Pool Mine and came back at noon for lunch.
2.30 pm Arthur and I went to Carnartheu to take a view of the house of my birth and also a view of my grandfather house at Brea. We went up by way of Tilemins Hill and came home by Betty Adit Road and the arch at Brea to Nellie Maynard’s and from there to Mr T Tregonning’s where we met Mamma at 5.35.
After we had all had tea, Arthur with the Tregonning boy went to Tehidy Park.
At 8pm Mamma and I left Mrs Tregonnings and made a short call on Mrs Gilbert from there to Mr Charles Bartles and then to see his bro. William who was organist at Tuckingmill (Chapel) Church. We met Mr James Tregonning on our way to my sisters at Pool Carn Brea.

Friday June 1st.

Very tired and wrote Mr Gawanlack in the morning.

June 2nd.

Moved to Sister Polmear’s at Camborne at 11am had roast beef for dinner at 1pm. Mamma, Arthur, Fred Prideaux and I left in a Gingle for Gwithian and returned at 6pm. After tea, I went to Camborne market with Mamma and Sister Polmear Came home at 10pm and retired.

Sunday June 3rd.

Attended Centenary Church in morning. (Mamma and I) Then we visited the grave yard and Mamma’s two brothers’ graves. After dinner, I went with Mamma and Annie Polmear to Wesley Church Union S. School gathering and afterward visited the Episcopal Church Yard and saw my father’s and mother’s graves.
We had tea at 5pm then Annie left with me again to Wesley Church to 6 o’clock service. Got home at 8oclock then went for a walk with Ada and Hettie. Mamma stayed home evening with Sister Polmear.

June 4th.

Was Whit Monday. We had breakfast at 8.30. The I went to David Endie’s and delivered the handkerchief for Mrs J Endey. After dinner Mamma, Annie and I went to see Centenary S. School Processions on Telowarren Street. Then to Roskin Churchyard and saw the graves of grandfather Holman, his daughter Mary’s and the grave of his youngest son James. They were both unmarried. James was 65 when he died. The graves were fenced around the vault. We also looked at my brother William’s grave to the grave of Thomas Pearce my sister’s husband. Tuckingmill S. School after their line of March passed into Roskin field where we follow and had tea with the teachers about 6 pm. We (Mamma and I) met a few whom we knew about thirty years before.
After a pleasant time we returned to my sister Polmear’s 8 pm. Arthur, Fred, Ada and Hettie were off together for the day. The weather has been lovely for the past two weeks.

June 5th.

After breakfast Mamma and I went to Cemetery graveyard to see the Sexton about Mamma’s brother’s grave and again in the afternoon. In the evening, us two called to see Mrs J Burge and Capt. George Nancarrow and renewed our memories of days gone by.

June 6th

Got up at 6 o’clock. At 8 am Mamma, Hettie and I left for Pendennis one mile and half away just before nine we entered the grounds on the east and rambled. We nearly got lost when we heard a man’s voice and made towards it. I asked the man dressed in white if visitors were allowed and told him our business. He said a certain class were and pointed out the way to Pendennis House and continued to walk and talk till we got there. He then showed us some of the grounds the lovely gardens and Hot Houses etc.
Then to the basement of the House and through the Laundry and other rooms till he brought us to the Housekeeper who with himself showed us to numberless magnificent rooms elegantly furnished, bedrooms, Drawing room, dining room, Library, the billiard room, the Justice Court room and many others. The house contained (70) seventy rooms. We were then led to the outside or I don’t know when we would have gotten there.
The same man then showed us some other gardens, and after a tip we thanked him goodbye. We arrived home to Sister Polmear’s 11.30 tired out and took a nap. (both)
At 3.30 we took a walk to Camborne town and called to see Mrs Richards and had a nice time. I played on her organ. Then we called to see Mrs Jewell a few minutes and from there to Mr J Vivian’s Drapery Store, made a purchase, called two other places and got back to sister’s six o’clock.
After tea Mamma and I went and made a call to see Capt. Rablin. “Not at home.” Then we called to see my niece Mary J Harvey for a short time. From there after tea, we went to Tuckingmill (1/2 Mile) to see Mrs Maynard, we stayed awhile but she was not at home.
We returned to my sister’s 8.45 pm.

June 7th.

After breakfast Mamma and I went to Centenary graveyard again to see her brothers’ graves. John H and James P Hensley. We then came back and wrote George and Mrs Harper, and stayed about the house all day.
Had a nice Chicken Pie for dinner, had tea at 6 o’clock and then Mrs Prideaux, Sister Polmear and I went to Sister Pearce’s 1 ½ miles away.
They spent an hour together while I went to Trevenson Park close by to a Political gathering. I met one or two Old Timers but was too late for the speeches which were on the Conservative side. I heard the Band play God Save the Queen and one or two others and soon returned to Sister Pearce’s.
Arthur was around with my nieces having a good time. We returned to Sister Polmear’s at 10 pm and after refreshments, retired.

June 8th.

After breakfast, I took a walk to Camborne Town and returned 11.30 am. Mamma and Arthur went to Redruth in a Buss at 10 am (John Prideaux struck through in Journal) to see Mamma’s nephew Fred Hensley off for Africa. Cousin John Prideaux took Mamma and Arthur with his married daughter to Redruth in his Gingle and Pony. Mamma and Arthur returned 12.30 and we all had dinner together.
After dinner Arthur and Fred Prideaux went to Troon on the Wheels.
Mamma and I went and settled with the Sexton at Centenary and then went bought Mamma’s fur and my gloves. Came home to tea and made a tea and made another trip to see Capt. Rablin. After a pleasant talk, we got home 9pm and retired 11.30.

June 9th.

After breakfast wrote to George answer a draft received day before. At 11 am Arthur and I went to see Ticket Agent and returned at one o’clock and had dinner. Arthur and my Mamma went off for the afternoon. At 4 pm Mamma, Sister Polmear and I went to Cousin Mary A Harris. Had tea and spent a pleasant evening and left at 9 o’clock. Sister went to Mrs Maynard’s while Mamma and I called to see Mr and Mrs Thomas Crase and Mrs C Richards.

Sunday June 10th

10.30 am Mamma, Annie and I went to the Episcopal Church. Heard a good Sermon on Barnabus. After dinner, Bessie Andrews came and made a long call. At 6 pm Annie and I went to the Methodist Association Church and after coming home we took a walk round Beacon Hill and of Camborne town. A delightful walk and scenery returned at 9pm good light. Retired at 10.

June 11th

After breakfast, I went to David Endie’s again with a present from Cousin Jamie Endie and from there to Daleoarth Mine. saw and spoke to Capt. Josiah Thomas. I then called to see my niece Nellie Maynard. Then called to see Mrs Jackson for Janie. Then called on Mr John Jenkin and from there to see Mr Maynard.
At 12.30 Arthur and I went and took lunch with Messrs Holman Bros. My cousins in the dining room over their works at Camborne and after being shown through the different departments of the Works we returned to Sister Polmear’s.
At 5 pm Mamma, Arthur and I went to Cousin John H. Holman’s to dinner and spend the evening at his lovely home at Tregenna Camborne. We walked there together and at our arrival he began showing us the many beautiful painting and pictures in the different rooms and one of our Grandfather Holman. Mrs Holman his wife then arrived from Penzance and we soon had dinner together waited on at table by their Butler. After we were shown their acres of gardens and greenhouses for an hour. We were given a lovely bouquet. At 8pm we had supper and spent a pleasant evening in song and game while Mamma and Mrs Holman chatted.
At 10.30 we returned to Sister Polmears.

June 12th

Mamma, Arthur and I took a train at Camborne Station 8.35 am for Penzance where we arrived 9.15. We first called on Cousin Fred Holman at his home and took Carriage for Lands End 9.50 and got there 12.15. After walking on the rocks out to ocean and seeing points of interest we left 1.30 pm for St. Just and arrived there 3pm. I saw Cousin John Holman at his Foundry Office, made myself known and we were soon at his home with his wife and family. We spent a delightful hour and a half with a roomful of relations who gathered in a few minutes with Cousin John and his wife.
We left for Penzance 4.30 in a mist of rain which continued all the way. We got back to Cousin Fred Holman’s at 6pm, had dinner as invited and after a very pleasant visit he went with us to the Depot and we left 8.10 pm for Camborne arriving at 8.55 pm and walked to Sister Polmear’s in fast rain. We slept well and got up at 6.30 am.

June 13th.

After breakfast Arthur and I went to Mr Vines the Ticket Agent and secured our births on the Steam Ship St. Paul to sail from Southampton to New York.
After dinner I called on Mr C V Thomas at his Office and at Bank to cash check. Then wrote Kate from Sister Polmear’s.
Nellie Maynard called 10 am and Mr A Harris in the evening and left a souvenir.

June 14th

Breakfasted at 7. At 9 am Sister Polmear, her four daughters, Mamma, Arthur and me (8 in all) left in a Wagonette for Porthawan 8 miles from Camborne where we arrived 10.30. Showery Day. At 12 we all had our lunch in a cottage “by the sea.” On a long table, full of good things. Returned home at 4 pm and after tea retired at 9.30 pm.

June 15th

At 11 am. I went to see my cousin Mrs John Vivian of Trove Camborne from there I called to see Lawyer C V Thomas again and got home at one for dinner, rested the afternoon when Cousin John Prideaux called. Mamma rested all day at home.

June 16th

After breakfast, Arthur and I went and got our tickets for N. York at Agent E Vine. J.H. Holman gave me a view of their Works. After dinner, we rested and left 4pm in a cab for a four day visit to Cousin John P. at Troon. We spent a pleasant evening together, Arthur, Mamma and I slept at Mr Jenkins his son in law across the street.

Sunday 17th

8.30 Arthur and I went with cousin John to his class meeting. (Cousin John went to preach at his appointment.)
10.30 We all went to Church Service. Dinner at 1 pm. 2pm Arthur and I attended S. School with Cousin John, he the Superintendent. “We had Prayer after noon dinner.” The attendance of S School average 180. At 6pm we all went again to Troon Methodist Church. Then we visited Cousin John’s son Arthur at his home for half an hour and returned to Cousin John’s spent as pleasant evening and retired.
A fine day.

Monday June 18th.

Breakfasted at Mrs Jenkins. After dinner Mamma and I rode with Cousin John and his wife at Miss Rules near Sister Polmear’s to spend the afternoon while he went top Preacher’s Meeting. We had tea 6.30 pm, us four rode to Crowan town and met Cousin John’s Bro. Gilbert on his way to Camborne. After greeting we left for his home nearby and met his wife and two sisters. Aunt Ann was too sick to be seen. After a stay of fifteen minutes we rode to Black Rock in Cousin John’s Gingle. We had a beautiful view of Camborne town of about fifteen thousand inhabitants and the surrounding country and then Mrs Risevoier’s, we rode back to Troon another way marking a complete circle and arrived 8.30 pm. Good light. 10.30 We retired at Mrs Jenkin’s.

June 19th.

A wet day. After breakfast, I looked around Mr Jenkin’s Carpenter Shop then wrote up my Diary, “which I did every day.” Around house all day. Wrote to George and Bro. Stephen. In the evening, it cleared so we four took a nice walk, Mamma, Cousin John and wife and I. After a pleasant evening together, we retired.
“Arthur, Annie and Mary Laty, enjoyed trips together daily.”

June 20th

After breakfast, I took a walk to Sister Polmear’s. Stopped for dinner and met Grace Varnan my niece.
2.30 pm I walked up to Troon and got there 3.15.
6 o’clock we had dinner at Cousin John’s with Mr and Mrs Willoughby and Miss Willoughby his sister after which Mr Willoughby, Cousin John and I took a walk together.
At 9pm Mamma and I said goodbye to all (which ended our visit) and walked to Sister Polmear’s and retired 11.30 pm.

June 21st

After breakfast, we began to get together to pack. Eleven o’clock Cousin John came with our valises in his Pony and Gingle.
11.30 I went to Camborne town for the last time. Got home 12.45 and had chicken dinner with sister Polmear, her four daughters and my wife. After dinner Mrs Simmons and her sister Caroline called to see us. 4pm Sister, my wife and I went to Nellie Maynard for tea and enjoyed ourselves very much. Then Mamma went to say goodbye to Mrs Tregonning and I walked to sister Pearce’s with sister Polmear. Mamma came and we spent a pleasant hour together and drank our last cup of tea there. Returned home 8.30 with Sister Polmear. Said good bye to several on the way.
Nellie Maynard walked up with us from Tuckingmill. We said goodbye to Nellie and retired 10pm.

June 22nd (Friday)

At 11.15 am I left sister Polmear’s for St Day. I went so far as Redruth and returned to Sister Polmear’s for my overcoat I had left behind had some tea and cake and left 1.15 and walked to sister Pearce’s, who an hour before fell and hurt her kneecap. She was in bed. I kissed her goodbye and had to walk to Illogan a mile and met a chance to ride with two boys to Redruth. I met Arthur and went with him to see my cousin Mrs. Simmons and took with us my cousin Mrs Paul to meet Mamma. We all had a nice cup of tea together and rested at Mrs Simmons.
We started to go and met cousin John, His wife and daughter at the street. Mamma, Arthur and I wished all goodbye and went straight to Mr Charles Bowden’s Office, Mamma’s first cousin at Redruth, after a short visit at his Office with him and his son he took me to his home at Ingleside on Clinton Road. A very nice house beautifully furnished. Then he walked with us to Redruth Market and left. We soon met Miss Hensley and Hettie and began to walk towards St Day. We were overtaken by a Buss so Mamma and the two Miss Hensleys rode. Arthur and I walked and got there soon after at 7pm had tea and retired at 10pm.

June 23rd

At St Day. Got up at 7.30. After breakfast, I took a short walk then wrote up Diary and wrote letter to Janie while Mamma rested. I hire a Wagonette and at 1.30 pm Arthur and the Hensley family went on a trip to Padstow and returned 5.30. After tea Mamma and I took a walk about St Day. The Market House etc. Met Dr Mitchell who told us of days gone by. We then returned to Mr N W Hensley’s, Mrs Prideaux’s brother and retired 10pm.

Sunday June 24th

Breakfasted at 9 o’clock. 10.30 We went to Wesley Church heard a grand sermon, after which we went to Episcopal Churchyard to see the grave of Mr A Bowden and the grave of Miss G Bowden, Mamma’s uncle and aunt. Had dinner at 1.30 at 3pm Arthur, Miss Mary Hensley and I visited the S. School of 300 scholars where I made my maiden address.
We had tea at 5.15 and at 6 o’clock we went again to St Day Wesley Church after service we met Mr and Mrs Fletcher and then took a walk to Scorrier Station by way of Tregulla and back and retired 9pm.

June 25th.

Up at 7 am had breakfast at 9 o’clock. 10.40 Mamma and I left by Buss for Chasewater and arrived 11.10 am. We walked from there to Blackwater to see Mrs E. J Floyd. We got there about noon and had a nice lunch of Saffron Cake, English Cream etc. After a nice visit, we left for St Day by way of Tregulla accompanied by Mrs Lloyd to Scorrier Station where she returned and we walked back to Mr Hensley’s at 4 pm well pleased with our trip. We saw St Day Fair on our way home, bought oranges, cherries and strawberries. After tea Mamma and I took another walk to see St Day Fair. We retired 11.30 pm Arthur and his cousins not yet retired from Troon.

June 26th

Beautiful sunshine morning up at 7.30 and breakfast at 9 o’clock. After a short walk, we rested till noon. At 1pm Mamma and left for Redruth to spend the afternoon with Mr Charles Bowen and family. “Mamma’s cousin.” We reached Redruth 2.30 I called on Mr Bowden at his Office. He chased my check and we went for a ten-minute walk and he returned to his Office. I met Mamma as agreed and after visiting several stores to get what we want and then went to Mr Bowden’s home. 4.30 pm we had tea served to us by Miss Bowden. At 6 o’clock Mr C Bowden came home and we enjoyed a fine dinner 6.30. With Mr Bowden his two daughters, two sons and one daughter’s husband Mr Wickette. Soon Mr Bowden left to meet some engagement. We stayed till 8 pm. When Mamma and I left for her bros at St Day and got there 8.45. We then called to see Mamma’s cousin Mr J Bowden. Arthur spent the time with his cousins the Misses Hensleys. We retired 10 pm well tired out for the long walk.

June 27th.

Up at 7.30. I went and hired a Gingle to take Arthur to Redruth to take the 11.10 am Train for London. Hettie and I rode in to see him off. Mamma helped him pack his valise. We had breakfast and left at 9 o’clock. The train left on time and we watched him out of sight. At 11.45 I took Buss for Camborne to see Sister Polmear for the last time. Arrived there 12.30 and had a nice Turnip Pasty.

For dinner with Sister and her five daughters. 3pm I wished my nieces goodbye and Sister walked with me to see my niece Nellie Maynard and say goodbye. We then walked to Pool to visit my Sister Pearce who was in bed from a fall she received some days before and bruised her kneecap. I stayed and chatted with both sisters till 4.30. Wished them good bye and gave the farewell kiss. I was here given some of Sister Pearce’s son’s wedding cake. Who was married the day before. “June 26”. I then left for Redruth again and called to say goodbye Mrs Hosking and at Pool Mr E Church. I saw cousin John Prideaux and said goodbye to him.
From there I walked two miles to Redruth and called to see my cousin Mrs E Simmons and enjoyed a cup of nice tea with her and her sister Mrs Jervell with whom I sang in the chair in our younger days.
At 7 o’clock I said goodbye to them and left for St Day. I soon saw two bays in a carriage and got a ride to St Day.  When I arrived Mamma and Miss N W Hensley were out for a summer evening walk. I then walked with Mrs Hensley and her little boy Jim to feed their cows and chickens then returned home only about 6 blocks away. We retired 9.30 pm.

June 28th

Got up at 7am had breakfast 9 o’clock then mailed a paper to George for Arthur and a letter to Grace H Varman from Mamma. I then wrote up my Diary. Dinner at 2pm then read and napped till 5. We had tea at 6.30. I was at the house all day, talking with Mr Hensley “who was on the sick list” of days past and present etc and then Mamma there too. At 7.30 pm I visited with Miss Nanny Hensley his grandmother Mrs Morley and I gave Miss Hensley his first lesson in music on the Piano. The Nanny and I walk back to her home and took Mamma out for a walk for ½ an hour, retired 9.30 pm.

June 29th.

Up at 7 and breakfast at 9 am. Then wrote to Kate, Lillie and George. Then rested till 4.30pm. When Nanny and I went to her grandmother’s for a lesson on the piano. We then walked back to tea after which we packed our valises for London next day. We spent the evening with Mr N W Hensley and family (He was no better) and retired at 10 pm.

June 30th

Up 7 o’clock and breakfast 8.30. Wrote a letter to Kate at 10 am. We wished Mr Hensley and family goodbye and took hired Cab for Redruth Depot accompanied by Miss N Hensley who saw Mamma and I leave for London on the 11.10 am train. Mr C Bowden his two sons, his daughter and husband (Mr and Mrs Wicket) were there also to see us off.
Our first stop was at St Austell 12.15 noon, at Bodmin 12.40 at Liskeard (rain) 1pm at Devonport 1.30 At Plymouth 1.40 and stopped 8 minutes.
Arrived at Exeter 3 pm and stopped 8 minutes. At Bristol 4.35 and left 4.45. No more stops till we got to London. We had a cup of tea at Bristol. We passed Bath 5.10pm then passed through a long tunnel which took three or four minutes. From Redruth to Bristol we passed through 15 short tunnels.
The weather throughout the day was showery. We passed Swindon Junction at 5.40 and soon after began to pass through a beautiful level flat and green farming country dotted with cattle, sheep and horses which continued for an hour or more. Many trains passed us through the day and the railroad track was double most of the way.
We had a young red jacket soldier in our car from Plymouth to London whose destination was China. We arrived at Paddington Station 7pm (dry weather) and took cab for Mrs Dynes, 22 Garden Street, Garden Square WC three miles from Paddington depot.7.45 we got ourselves ready and had supper 8.15 pm after which I wrote two Postal Cards to my sister’s at Pool and Camborne and retired well tired out.


The Travels of John Prideaux 1900. Liverpool to Cornwall

The Travels of John Prideaux 1900. Liverpool to Cornwall.

May 12th

We got up at 4.30 am had breakfast 5.30 and arrived at Liverpool 7 o’clock am. We saw Captain John Prideaux waiting on the wharf to receive us.
At 8.30 we went ashore and quickly passed the Custom Officer by the assistance of Capt. Prideaux and about 9.30 arrived at Capt. Prideaux’s home and received a kind reception from Mrs Prideaux and her daughter Lillie. We were soon refreshed with a cup of tea after which Capt. Prideaux took Arthur and I to see Stanley Park. It was one of beauty in which was the Gladstone Conservatory of flowers, palms and plants and were beautiful to behold. (It was heated with hot water.) The walks, the bridges, the ponds, the swans, the birds and scenery was simply grand. We turned homeward at noon.
2.30pm After lunch we three again went again to see more of the City while the two Mrs Prideaux spent the afternoon at home together. We visited first the Art Gallery where we saw Christ before Pilate in oil painting life size. There were seventy figures in all. How vivid? How life like they appeared to me. It is impossible to express my feelings at that time as I stood and looked at those enemies and friends of Jesus.
We spent one hour in the Art Gallery. I then bought me a silk hat and we returned to Capt. Prideaux. After Tea, we sat around and told of our journey and of the years gone by.

Sunday May 13th

Capt. Prideaux and his daughter, Mamma, Arthur and I went to the Presbyterian Church at 11 am and came home through Stanley Park. After a roast beef dinner, we took Car for Sefton Park at the extreme south of Liverpool with Capt. and Mrs Prideaux. It had a beautiful Palm House made of iron and glass inside of which was a gallery reached by winding stairs.


Capt. Prideaux, Arthur and I at 10 am took Car to Haymarket and to the YMCA and called at Miss Prideaux’s Store and from there to the overhead Electric Car from the Dingle to the Seaforth line of Docks said to be nine miles. Then back to James Street and to Central Station where we meet the two Miss Prideaux’s as agreed and went to the Kirkland Restaurant and had luncheon together at one pm. From there we all went and boarded Ferry Boat to New Brighton on the Mersey Waters, a 15-minute ride. At Brighton, we visited Capt. Prideaux’s sister in law Mrs Robinson where we had tea together about 5 pm. We left there at 6.35 after a pleasant visit and took Ferry for the same wharf we started from.
The two Mrs Prideaux’s took Car for Capt. Prideaux. Arthur went to the Mersey Tunnel and I with Capt. Prideaux went to Ticket Office to see about tickets to Cornwall and then went to Captain Prideaux to rest for the night. During the day, we saw many beautiful and wonderful sights.
New Brighton Tower built of iron and steel was a grand sight from two to three hundred feet high.
The House and furniture at Mrs Robinson’s were elegant and Mrs Robinson a very pleasant lady. Capt. and Mrs Prideaux entertained us royally from Saturday 7 am till Tuesday 15th May when we left at 10.30 am for Cornwall. The two Miss Prideauxs, Bertha and Lillie did their best to make us at home. Sunday evening May 13th Lillie played the piano and Bertha sang before we retired. (I had a cold.) Capt. Prideaux and his daughter Lillie saw us leave on the train on the 15th for Cornwall.

May 15th

Arrived at Bristol 3.45 pm and left 4.10. The weather was good from Liverpool to Bristol and while in Liverpool. At 4pm we went through a long tunnel under the Severn River. At 6pm we arrived at Exeter and stopped at Elmfield Hotel.


The Travels of John Prideaux 1900. New York to Liverpool aboard S S Lucania.

New York to Liverpool aboard Steam Ship Lucania

May 5th

Breakfasted at 7.15 am. Took car at 8.15 for Steam Ship Lucania and went onboard 8.45 for Liverpool
Our State rooms were opposite each other and very comfortable. We sat first table all the way across the Atlantic. Had roast mutton and vegetables first day for dinner. The food was good. Passed three steamers that first day.

May 6th Sunday

Got up at 5 am and took Mamma for a promenade up and down the deck before breakfast then Mamma went to lie down, it was quite breezy. (Breakfast hour was 7 am.)  Arthur was sitting at Mamma’s feet while she lay down and I was sitting at her head and we were talking with Mrs Black, a passenger.
At 10.30 we all went in the Cabin Saloon and heard the Episcopal Service read by the Purser. The first hymn was “All people that on earth do dwell.”
Dinner at 12 noon, Arthur missed his and lay down most of the day. Mamma rested after dinner by lying down on her bed.  I had a short nap then Mamma and I ate apple together and then went on deck for a walk. Soon after I felt sick and missed my supper.

May 7th

Monday morning went to table took a sip of coffee and no more for the day and sick all night. Mamma has kept up, rather the better of us three.

Tuesday May 8th

I felt a little better, had a light breakfast and dinner. I sat in Ladies Cabin most of the morning with Mamma. Arthur is well after two days of sickness. I missed my five o’clock meal but had much at 8.30 pm. And soon retired for the night but the Lucania rocked so we scarcely sleep.

May 9th

Got up 6 o’clock had a light breakfast and spent most of the morning in Ladies Cabin with Mamma. Arthur was moving around the Ship.  The sea was a little rough with showers of rain and sunshine. At 11 am we sighted a ship. Our noon meal was soup and roast mutton and vegetables and fruits after which we promenaded the deck. 2.10 pm the ship still rocks and the waves came on the Steerage Deck and some passengers got wet feet. A spray came over the ship this afternoon and lots of men and ladies got a good sprinkling. We were not in it but the ladies’ hats and feathers. I was visiting in our State Room.
6 pm Saw the masts of a ship about 40 miles to the north east and at 6.30 saw a short rainbow to the south. I took three meals for the first time. Mamma has not missed a thing.
7.15 pm passed a steam ship heading for New York At 7.35 saw a sailing vessel going towards N York.

Thursday May 10th

Up at 5.30 am and took Mamma for a walk on deck before breakfast and after Mrs Black. We just passed one steamer and three sailing vessels. 9 am Now going to write my daughter at Pendleton, Oregon and to George my son at Portland, Oregon.
Thursday evening many of us joined in singing Gospel songs while Dr Fry, a Scotch man plays on the piano.

Friday 11th

Saw the first land. 10 am Arrived at Queenstown. 3pm left off passengers and mail and left 4pm.

May 12th

We got up at 4.30 am had breakfast 5.30 and arrived at Liverpool 7 o’clock am. We saw Captain John Prideaux waiting on the wharf to receive us.
At 8.30 we went ashore and quickly passed the Custom Officer by the assistance of Capt. Prideaux and about 9.30 arrived at Capt. Prideaux’s home and received a kind reception from Mrs Prideaux and her daughter Lillie. We were soon refreshed with a cup of tea after which Capt. Prideaux took Arthur and I to see Stanley Park. It was one of beauty in which was the Gladstone Conservatory of flowers, palms and plants and were beautiful to behold. (It was heated with hot water.) The walks, the bridges, the ponds, the swans, the birds and scenery was simply grand. We turned homeward at noon.


The Travels of John Prideaux in 1900. Portland to New York.

The Travels of John Prideaux, his wife Jane and son Arthur John in 1900. Portland to New York.

April 28th

Left Portland, Oregon on 9.15 train a.m. by way of Pendleton. Arrive opposite Lyle Wash at 12.15 am. Colored waiter just passed through car calling out first call for lunch. We have just had our luncheon. 12.30 Now at The Dalles. Stopped two minutes, then moved on two blocks and stopped for the Portland Train to pass. Then backed up and got on the main line. Stopped again and Arthur has gone to the other end of the car. Mamma is trying to sleep leaning against the window on my duster. I am by her side. Left The Dalles ten to one pm. Stopped at a sandy place called Briggs 1.30 and 1.35 we stopped at a little sandy place called Bealock. Arrived at Arlington 2.32 pm. A nice little village with one good street and shade trees. Stopped at Heppner Junction 2.50. Then as we passed a lovely strip of flat rock and sandy country. Mamma and I had a half sleep. Arthur would read, sleep and amuse himself fine, stepping off the train and nearly every stopping place. In sight of the Columbia River since we left Heppner. Arrived at Umatilla at seven minutes to 4 and left at 4pm. Stepped off the cars and looked around, lovely sunshine all day. As we passed Umatilla the last sight of the Columbia River on our left on account of the great hills covered with sage brush. On our right hand there was a large creek for a short distance and scattered houses for many miles.
We stopped at Echo at 4.35 a growing village halfway between Umatilla and Pendleton.
We arrived at Pendleton at 5.30 pm and found my son in-law Mr A J Owen, my daughter Kate B and Walter their son waiting to welcome us at their house. At 6 pm we all got down and enjoyed a nice roast for dinner and spent a very pleasant evening and sent a Postal Card to George my son.

Sunday April 29th

Got up at 6.30 and took a walk with Mamma before breakfast and mailed a Postal Card to my daughter Lillie H Batcheller and walked over the bridge that crossed the Umatilla River from there to the hills by the School House and came into breakfast at 8.30 o’clock. After playing a while on my daughter’s organ we all went to the Methodist Episcopal Church and heard an excellent sermon preached by Rev. John Uben from Jeremiah 6 and16 verse. We enjoyed a short visit with Rev Uben after service. We having known each other from our boyhood days.
At 1.30 we had a nice chicken dinner at our daughter’s Mrs A JK Owens. At 4pm Rev My Uben and other friends of my daughter Mrs Owen called to see me. We greatly enjoyed Mr J Ubens visit he and I being acquainted in our youthful days.
5.40 Us three left Pendleton by train for N York. We were escorted to the station by my son in law, his wife and two sons Clyde and Walter who waited to see us off and also Rev Mr Uben the Methodist Minister at Pendleton. We greatly enjoyed our short stay at our daughter’s and son in laws and I had a nice time at the organ.
We stopped 5.45 for two minutes at Bingham Springs following the Umatilla River all the way. At 7.35 we stopped 5 minutes and started with two engines 6 miles west of Meehem and in a valley between the Blue Mountains. We engaged sleeper from Pendleton to Chicago send slept poorly Sunday night.
Got up at 5am Monday morning April 30 and made a short stop at Glens Ferry at that time, their followed along Snake River for a short distance (it being on our right) as we travelled south through a barren waste country and then gradually turned to the east.
We next stopped at Wapi and from there mailed a card to our daughter at Pendleton. At Wapi we passed a train on its way to Portland.

April 30th

At 7 am, Mrs Prideaux, Arthur and myself enjoyed our first breakfast on the train. Cold chicken and ham sandwich and hot tea. At 10.30 we left Pocatella from whence we mailed a Postal Card to George. We are all well, Mamma is just gone to lie down in the sleeper and Arthur seems to enjoy the ride watching the scenery on both sides.
3pm. We were at Mount Pialia and passed Cogvill at 4pm and stopped at Nugged 4.30. About 5pm we passed through a long dark tunnel and at 5.30 stopped at a place called Crimmer. Then after five minutes run we stopped at a mining town called Disucomulvill and at 6.30 we arrived at Granger where we made a 5 minutes stop. We are only six in this sleeper tonight, four less than last night.
We have spent a very pleasant day and had our supper six o’clock. We have had plenty of room, not been crowded.

Tuesday morning May 1st

Got up at 6 o’clock. Snow all around us. Mamma faint and sick. Reached Cheyanne at 7.05 am and left 7.55. 8.15 Arthur, Mamma, and I had our breakfast, then Mamma went and lay down again and got better. At 10.30 am we arrived at Potter Neb and stopped at Sidney at 11 o’clock for 3 minutes and arrived a Julesbury 11.30. Stopped 5 minutes, a good stock raising country town. At 3pm we arrived at North Platte with a broken car wheel which delayed us 1 ½ hours at which place we moved our watches forth one hour. We did the same at Huntington. I sent a Postal Card to Mr J Forth from North Platte. Train passed us at North Platte for Portland. It was a lovely day and the sun shone quite bright while we waited to have our broken car put off and another put on. I wrote letter to George and Arthur wrote to Lillian. Arrived at Kerney 6.30 pm and had our supper at that time. 7.30 We stopped at Grand Island Nebraska.

May 2nd

Got up at 6 o’clock at which time we passed Tama. At 7 am we stopped at Cedar Rapids and took on Dining Car. At 8 o’clock we ate our breakfast and are all well. The number of our Sleeper is 1006. We were running very fast all last night and this morning at the rate of 60 miles an hour to make up lost time. It is a lovely flat country. (Our sleep was broken last night.) We crossed the Miss. River at 9.15 and entered Illinois.
Arrived at Chicago 12.30 pm May 2nd 1990. We took car to Saratoga Hotel had dinner 1.30 and stopped there last night. After dinner, we went through to YMCA Buildings then we went to the Auditorium and saw it. Mamma waited while Arthur and I rode to the top of the high tower and took a look at Chicago but it rained so fast we saw but little. We then took Mrs Prideaux to see the Auditorium Hotel and through the underground tunnel across the street to the other part of the Hotel. After supper, we all went again to the Auditorium to the opening service of the Methodist Episcopal Church General Conference and while waiting for the doors to be opened there were several Gospel songs sung in which we joined. The Conference opened by the organist playing Handel’s Hallelujah Chorus on a large Pipes Organ hid from view. Then was sung from a tenor voice Peace, peace, wonderful peace etc. The programme was short after which Bishop Merrill addressed the Conference at length. After which Arthur wrote George and sent him a Programme of Conference and also wrote Rev H B Atchison. I sent a paper and Programme to my daughter at Pendleton. We greatly enjoyed ourselves in Chicago.

May 3rd

Got up at 6 am and us three had breakfast at the Thompson Restaurant on State Street. (“Dr and Mrs Rasmus called to see us on May 2nd at the Saratoga Hotel at 3 pm and we were glad to see them.”) Then from Hotel we took Street Car on Adams Street for Steam depot and left Chicago at 10.30 am. Reached Tougue Point Indiana at 1.45 pm. Passed Bunker Hill at 2.20. Passed Union City at 4.50 pm. Arrived a Columbus Ohio at 8 pm and stopped 20 minutes.

May 4th

Arrived at Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 1.40 am and stopped under an iron building for 15 minutes. Reached Johnstown at 4 am. May 4th at 5.15 am We rode along by Junadau River and crossed the Susquehanna River at 9.30 and stopped at Harrisburg 9.35 am for 15 minutes. Arthur and I got off and walked the Platform. We arrived at Broad Street Philadelphia 12.05 noon and made a short stop. At 2.35 pm. We arrived at New York and went to St Denis Hotel on 11 and Broadway and had dinner then went and changed some money for English. Then Mrs P, Arthur J and myself went to see the YMCA with its many rooms, swimming tanks, Gymnasium and many other things. Then we took Fourth Ave Car for Brooklyn Bridge and saw the big crowds coming from every section of the Bridge. We then walked half way across and returned, it was so windy and rainy. We were glad to get back 6.30 pm. We took Car for St Denis Hotel, straightened up the day’s business and retired early.

May 5th

Breakfasted at 7.15 am. Took car at 8.15 for Steam Ship Lucania and went onboard 8.45 for Liverpool


The Travels of John Prideaux through the U.S. and the U.K. in 1900

The journal is the property of Pamela Prideaux of Portland, Oregon and her family.  I have permission to copy it here and allow some fascinating insights into the means of travel in the year 1900. Pamela is the granddaughter of George Prideaux who stayed behind in Portland while his parents, John and Jane (Mamma) and their eldest son Arthur John (later to become a lauded School Principal) went to the UK by train and ship and used so many forms of transport on their trip that they are worth mentioning.
Street Car.
Ferry boat.
Pony and trap.

The family grew up in Milwaukie, Oregon and had a wonderful childhood. There was also a sister to Arthur and George called Katherine, who married a cattle rancher in Terrebonne, Oregon.Their children Stewart and John and family still run the ranch as a B&B and wedding venue and dude ranch. It is apparently a wonderful place to stay.
John and his family take us from Portland to New York and then to Liverpool. Soon we arrive in Devon and from there to Cornwall and spend several weeks visiting their friends and family and learn fascinating insights in the way people lived, worked and socialised during the last couple of years of the reign of Queen Victoria.
I have only altered spellings where I felt necessary and kept the rest. Some names (people and place) may be incorrect, but I was trying to decipher work written 117 years ago. If you see that a name is incorrect, then please let me know.

The journals will now follow as a series.
I am more than grateful that this particular branch of the Prideaux family has given us all the chance to follow their travels and learn about what it was like in America and Cornwall during the year 1900.


Bredon Church and John Prideaux

I called in at Bredon Church to see the grave site of Bishop John Prideaux.
He spent his last years living with his daughter and son in law and was buried at the church following a large and well attended funeral. Details of his life, death, will  can be found on my other blogs on this site.

I was disappointed to see that his gravestone was placed underneath a rug in front of the altar. I hope that this was because the congregation are worried that it will be damaged by constant footfall. There is a plaque on the wall acknowledging him, but stating that he died a pauper. This is a common and repeated misconception which has been passed down. He certainly lost his Bishopric and church livings and position at Exeter College, Oxford following the Civil War, but he left a good deal of money and possessions in his will. It was his sons in law who sold off his possessions quite swiftly, following John’s death. I don’t know how much his two remaining daughters were happy with that.

Part of his biography on the plaque states’

‘stofordiae pago obscuro sed ingenius parentibus natus’ – born in an obscure village, Stowford, to land holding parents –


In addition to the blogs on the site, I have already written and published one book about John Prideaux and more are in the pipeline.


Tywardreath Priory

Tywardreath Priory

There is no current visible trace of Tywardreath Priory.
There have been recent attempts by the local people of Tywardreath to find it again using modern means. But it has been so flattened and all top stones and other artefacts taken away over the centuries, that discovery is difficult.
A gentleman of the parish wrote the following article in an edition of the Gentleman’s Magazine in 1922,
‘The ancient priory of Tywardreath has long been so entirely levelled with the ground, that it is not very easy even to ascertain its site. Some time ago the present vicar obtained leave to dig the ground on its supposed site in search of stones for erecting a vicarage house. The place where he made an excavation for this purpose appears to have been the east end of the priory chapel; and as some measurements were taken at the time , and I have, with the permission of the landlord, opened the ground in several places, partly of throwing some light on its architecture, the following particulars may not be unacceptable.
The chapel appears, so far as could be ascertained by measurement, to have been eighty feet long, by fifty seven wide, with a semi-circular end towards the east; strengthened by four buttresses of wrought Pentewan stone, two feet wide, and ornamented by four pilasters; within the shafts are a single half-column, four inches in diameter. At each angle was a handsome piece of architecture, as it was described to me, of which pilasters, resembling those already described, formed a part, but with the base five inches wide, and the mouldings in proportion.
In the vicarage garden, adjoining the west end of the chapel, a fragment of a stone arch was found, with a fleur-de-lis elegantly carved in deep relief; the same devise appears on the church stile, and in a coat of arms in one of the windows of the church, and appears from tanner to have been part of the arms of the priory. The wall of the chapel is the south wall of the churchyard.
The chapel was paved with beach pebbles, and was built partly of common clay slate raised on the spot; the wrought stones were of compact hard porphyry, from Pentewan Quarry in the parish of St. Austell, and hornblende from the cliff between Duporth and Charlestown in the same parish. All the carved work is executed with much skill and taste.’
Although nothing now remains above ground, there is a story which abounds that the last stone was shipped back to France by the last Prior. There is no proof of this, although the story has been passed down by oral tradition.
The Priory stood at the water’s edge and ships would dock and leave from here. Much of Par and St Blazey was underwater and the sea fingered its way inland to Prideaux and further at high tide. The monks built a causeway from Tywardreath to St Blazey, but three men, one a monk, died one day when they failed to check the tides. A ferry was used at other times.
As the Priory expanded, so did the satellite houses, farms and alehouses which would normally surround such a place. The waterside was busy and sea travel and fishing occurred here in addition to Fowey.
It has often been reported since the fall of the Priory, that monks are seen to wander about the church and the area and their chants heard.
The seal of the convent was a saltire or St. Andrews cross. Sometimes the seal was displayed between four fleurs-de-lis.

It is stated in the Monasticon Anglicanum the following;
‘Tywardreit a cell to Angiers in France.
Robert de Cardinham gave divers Lands and Revenue in Cornwall to the church of St Sergius of Angiers and to the Church of St Andrew in Tywardrait and to the monks there all which was confirm’d by King Henry III.’

This entry gives the impression that Robert de Cardinham built the Priory at Tywardreath, however deeper investigation shows that the priory was already built and in use by the ‘black monks’ of France and that Cardinham made substantial financial contribution to the priory’s upkeep and extension.
Prior to 1066 the lands of Tywardreath were in the control of the Saxon Lord Cola before the Conqueror and then fell to Richard FitzTorold, the steward of Count Robert, the King’s brother.
Robert FitzWilliam who died sometime between 1169 and 1177, is recorded in 1166 Cartae Baronum as the holder of the lands which had been formerly been held by Richard FitzTurold. In 1169, he and his son Robert made a gift to Tywardreath Priory.
Following his death, his son Robert de Cardinham was forced to pay a large feudal relief in Devon in order to gain his inheritance. He owned at least 71 Knight’s fees in Cornwall, from the successor of the Count of Mortain. One of his holdings was a mill at Cardinham which serviced the Tywardreath Priory.
It was his son, Robert de Cardinham (died 1230) – heir of Robert FitzWilliam (de Cardinham) – who made gifts to the already established priory at Tywardreath, written of in the Monasticon Anglicanum.
Establishment of Tywardreath Priory.
A long term and well established trade route passed through the area from the Camel to Fowey. Goods were shipped from Ireland to Cornwall and then from Fowey to Britanny and the Mediterranean and back. This was a hugely influential area where monks and travellers came to make secret meetings and where smugglers and pirates abounded.
King Henry II and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine had great connections to her ancestral inheritance in Angers and it may have been this connection to the house of SS Sergius and Bacchus which encouraged the French monks to arrive and establish a daughter house at Tywardreath. Sergius and Bacchus were two Romans violently executed and martyred when they refused to approve of their leaders murderous violence.
Henry and Eleanor wanted a spy satellite in this faraway edge of his kingdom.
According to the History of Glasney College (James Whetter); the foundation date for Tywardreath Priory is given as 1088, although the building was not completed until 1135. Osbert was the first prior who ruled by the favour of Lord Robert FitzTorold. Henry’s chief agent, the Bishop of Salisbury set in motion the beginning of the priory.
The Tywardreath connection is the first documented reference I have so far found to the Manor of Pridias (later Prideaux), although many connections are documented in retrospect.
Osbert, the Prior at Tywardreath granted to Baldwin de Pridias;
‘One knight’s fee in the manor of Pidias, to hold to him and his heirs, except an acre of land in Carnubelbanathel for which the monks of Tywardreath rendered annually to the said Baldwin 20d, for all customs, &c, as written in the charter of convention between Ordagar the Canon and Richard de Pidias Father of the said Baldwin.’
The charter was initially drawn up in 1120-1122 between Canon Ordagar and Richard de Pridias, the son of Paganus, but Richard died in 1122. This document remained unsigned until 1130 when Baldwin, the son of Richard, came of age and was rewritten.
The Benedictine priory initially housed about seven monks, the endowment being sufficient for that number. The priory, although poor, controlled the port of Fowey and had lands scattered over Cornwall. They rented some of the Pridias lands and I assume that this is what the charter was for.
The Crown began to mistrust the monks, an opinion which continued until its eventually downfall during the purges of Henry VIII. They were believed to be passing on gossip and finances to the French Abbott and assisting traitors. For this reason the Crown often took the monastery under its protection and confiscated money and goods, leaving the monks poor and reliant upon the goodwill of their neighbours. These neighbours were rather suspicious of the French monks, but used them for their skills with herbs and their ability to work in harmony with the more ‘natural’ practices of the first people of Cornwall.
There was an annual charge on the priory’s income, which was known as a corrody. This was to pay for the board and lodging of founders when they visited. Originally a voucher, later money, was used and this could then more easily be transferred to the Crown as a pension. In 1486 Henry VII recommended that his servant William Martyn be granted a corrody of 5 marks a year to be charged on the manors of Tywardreath and Trenant. A corrody was held in Tywardreath Priory in 1509 by Hugh Denys of Osterley Groom of the King’s Close Stool to Henry VII. On the death of Denys, Henry VIII transferred the corrody (“in the King’s gift by death of Hugh Denys”) to John Porth, another courtier.
All the French monks were expelled between 1400 and 1405 and in 1406 it became the home for English monks, who built up a thriving community until 1536 when it was supressed. In 1535 the Valor Ecclesisticus drawn for King Henry VIII, the priory had been valued at less than £200 annually,
Records show that there were 19 unsuccessful attempts to persuade Prior Thomas Colyns to retire gracefully from office shortly before the Dissolution, but he would not. It is not known whether the Priory documents went into the Arundell archive from the Prior or the King’s agent.
At the time of the Dissolution the Arundells were vying with the Grenvilles and Godolphins to obtain the lands of Tywardreath (see AL Rowse, Tudor Cornwall, pp. 209-10.). Thomas Arundell came into possession of the priory documentation. He was for a while in charge of the commission for dissolving the monasteries and would thus have been one of the few people in a position to remove the documents from the priory. Thomas could arrange to have the documents removed to Lanherne hoping that his family would acquire the priory lands. They didn’t succeed however. Grenville held them instead.
At Tywardreath Priory, newly writ documents were often smoked to make them look old and substantiate a claim.
Oliver’s Monasticon displays a document indicating that Grenville held the lands and then leased them to Sir John Arundell and Arundell sub-let the lands to Laurence Courtenay in 1542 (Oliver, Monasticon, p. 45, no. XXIV.). The documentation regarding the priory still remain in the Arundell Archive. John Grenville (CRO, CA/B44/1) eventually sold the lands to the Rashleigh family and the Earl of Hertford (Rowse, Tudor Cornwall, p. 205 and p. 210.).
List of Priors
1. Michael c.1250 – 1263
2. Galfridus 1263 – c. 1278
3. Philip c.1297 – 1324
4. William Bouges 1333 – 1371
5. William de la Hay 1371 – 1399
6. John Masselyn 1399 – 1406
7. John Roger 1406 – 1433
8. John Brentyngham 1433 – 1450
9. Walter Barnecot 1450 – 1496
10. Richard Martyn 1496 – 1506
11. Thomas Colyns 1507 – 1536

Tywardreath Priory lands were organised into eight manors for purposes of administration:
1. Manor of St Austell: seat of manor was in St Austell; tenements also in St Stephen in Branel.
2. Manor of Fentrigan: not an original manor but created as a means of administering the priory’s scattered lands in Altarnun, Davidstow, Lesnewth, Otterham, Treneglos, Warbstow, Week St Mary and Whitstone.
3. Manor of Fowey: seat of manor and all tenements were in Fowey. The borough of Fowey belonged to Tywardreath Priory. The court rolls here are for Fowey manor; it is not clear whether there was also a separate borough court.
4. Manor of Gready: not an original manor but formed from scattered lands in St Austell, Cardinham, Lanlivery, Lanivet and Luxilian.
5. Manor of Porthia: not an original manor but formed from scattered lands in St Anthony in Meneage, Gulval, St Ives, Lelant, Madron, Manaccan, Towednack, Zennor and possibly Ludgvan.
6. Manor of Trenant: seat of manor was in Fowey; tenements also in Tywardreath.
7. Manor of Trevennen: seat of manor was in Goran; tenements also in St Erme, Goran, St Michael Carhays and Probus.
8. Manor of Tywardreath Prior: seat of manor was in Tywardreath; tenements also in St Austell, St Endellion, St Enoder, St Sampson Golant, Lanlivery, St Martin by Looe and Menheniot.

The tenements of each manor,
• St Austell Manor
• St Austell town (Austoll, Austolle, Austolus) in St Austell parish
• Fentrigan Manor
• Carneglos in Altarnun parish [presumably]
• Fentrigan (Fentregan, Fentygan, Ventregan, Ventregan) in Warbstow parish
• Froxton (Forkeston) in Whitstone parish
• Helset in Lesnewth parish
• Penaton (Peneton) in Davidstow parish
• ‘Trehybyow’ [unidentified]
• Tredarrup (Tretharap) in Warbstow parish
• Witheven (Withefenne) in Warbstow parish
• Fowey Manor
• Fowey (Fawy) in Fowey parish
• Gready Manor
• Cardinham Mill (Cardinan, Cardynam) in Cardinham parish
• ‘Le Forthynglond’ [presumably] in Lanlivery parish
• Goom (Le Gomm) in Lanlivery parish
• Upper Gready (Gredyou superior) in Lanlivery parish
• Lanlivery (Lanlevery, Lanlyuery) in Lanlivery parish
• Layhays (Leslof?) in Cardinham parish
• ‘Lebiri’ [unidentified] in Cardinham parish
• Tretharrup (Trewartharape) in Luxilian parish
• Porthia Manor
• St Anthony in St Anthony in Meneage parish
• Bolenna (Bolaynow, Bolenowe) in Towednack parish
• Boscobben (Boscum) in Zennor parish
• ‘Boscomol 1′ [unidentified; possibly Boskennal in Ludgvan parish ?]
• Bosilliack (Boswolsekk) in Madron parish
• Bosoljack (Boswouleck) in Gulval parish
• Carn Bolenna (Carn Bolenow) in Towednack parish
• Carnelloe (Carnellow) in Zennor parish
• Chyangweal (Chyangwele) in Towednack parish
• Dennis (Dynese) in St Anthony in Meneage parish
• Hendra in Lelant parish
• St Ives (Ias) in St Ives parish
• Lelant (Lanant, Lananta, Lananth, Lannantha) in Lelant parish
• Malinnan (Melyn Manan,
• Myllenan) [lost] in St Anthony in Meneage parish’Melyncres’ (Myllyncrees) [unidentified]
• ‘Parkemane at Carnsu’ [unidentified]
• Pednolva (Penwolva) in St Ives parish
• Penbeagle (Penbygell) in St Ives parish
• ‘Placenor or Placetorten’ [probably in St Ives town and parish]
• Porthminster (Polmester) in St Ives parish
• Rosecaddon (Rescaden) in Manaccan parish
• Skyburrier (Scuburyowe) in St Anthony in Meneage parish
• ‘Torrm’ [?] [unidentified]
• Tregenna (Tregene) in St Ives parish
• Trewey (Trethewe) in Zennor parish
• Trevail (Treveel, Trevell) in Zennor parish
• Treveglos in Zennor parish
• ‘Treveylla’ [unidentified]
• Trenwith (Trevnwyth) in St Ives parish
• Trenant Manor
• Caffa Mills (Caghmylle, Caigthmyll, Caigthmylle) in Fowey parish
• Coombe (Comb, Combe, Legom?) in Fowey parish
• ‘Drenek’ [unidentified, presumably near to Trewalls in Fowey parish]
• Fowey in Fowey parish
• Lankelly (Nankilly) in Fowey parish
• Little Lawhyre (Lawhire Parua, Litellawhyra, Lityll Lawhere, Lytell Awhyr, Lytill Awhyre) in Fowey parish
• Lescrow (Lescrawe, Lescrowe, Loscrowe) in Fowey parish
• Long Stone (Langestone, Langiston) in Fowey parish
• Trenant Barton in Fowey parish
• Trewalls (Trewale) [lost] in Fowey parish [near Coombe]
• Trevennen Manor
• Godarricks (Godarek) in Goran parish
• Pengelly (Pengelly Pryour) in St Erme parish
• Trevaskus (Trevalscoys) in Goran parish
• Trevennen (Tremaignon, Tremanion, Tremanyon, Tremaynon, Trevanyon) in Goran parish
• Trewalla or Trewolla (Trewalaveour, Trewalavighan, Trewalemur) in Goran parish
• Tywardreath Prior Manor
• ‘Bowete’ [unidentified; possibly compare Bovewood in St Sampson Golant parish]
• Caruggatt (Carogat, Carregot, Carrogat, Carulgad, Corrogat) in Tywardreath parish
• Coldharbour (Trefory alias Coldeherber, Trevory) [lost] in Tywardreath parish
• Par (le Par) in Tywardreath parish
• Kilgogue (?Keligog, Kellygoke) in Tywardreath parish
• Lancrow moor (Lancrowemor) in Lanlivery parish [tin-works in, adjacent to Trevorry in Lanlivery parish]
• Trefingey (Trefrongye) in Tywardreath parish
• Treesmill (Treysmyll) in Tywardreath parish
• ‘Tressaveour’ (Tresaveour, Trusavor) [lost in the north part of St Austell parish]
• Tywardreath town in Tywardreath parish
• Tywardreath Manors by Parish
• Altarnun parish – Fentrigan Manor
• St Anthony in Meneage parish – Porthia Manor
• St Austell parish – St Austell Manor, Tywardreath Prior Manor
• Cardinham parish – Gready Manor
• Davidstow parish – Fentrigan Manor
• St Erme parish – Trevennen Manor
• Fowey parish – Fowey Manor, Trenant Manor
• Goran parish – Trevennen Manor
• Gulval parish – Porthia Manor
• St Ives parish – Porthia Manor
• Lanlivery parish – Gready Manor, Tywardreath Prior Manor
• Lelant parish – Porthia Manor
• Lesnewth parish – Fentrigan Manor
• Ludgvan parish – Porthia Manor
• Luxilian parish – Gready Manor
• Madron parish – Porthia Manor
• Manaccan parish – Porthia Manor
• St Sampson Golant parish – Tywardreath Prior Manor
• Towednack parish – Porthia Manor
• Tywardreath parish – Tywardreath Prior Manor
• Warbstow parish – Fentrigan Manor
• Whitstone parish – Fentrigan Manor
• Zennor parish – Porthia Manor


Mulfra Vean New Mill Cornwall

In 1790 Robert Prowse was born in Paul, just outside Penzance. He married Grace who was born in 1800 and they had seven children. William, Grace, Robert. Margaret, Susanna, Jane and Elizabeth. They worked on the land. His brother William also had a family and settled in New Mill also just outside Penzance.
and they had William, John, James, Ann and Richard.
William [1841] worked as a tin miner at New Mill on Mulfra Hill. He married Ellen and they had William H, Eliza E, James T and John. Eventually by 1881 he managed to buy a 13 acre farm on Mulfra Hill and their family had increased by Edwin C, Eveline J, Grosvenor and Aromulous H.
William married and had a son William Robert on 2nd October 1906. He took over the farm at Mulfra and married Dorothy Violet, born 28th December 1902. [3 days after Granddad Clifford.]
He ran the place as a farm and also as a motor dealer and general dealer. He called the place Mulfra Vean Garage and was one of the first people to get a telephone in the tiny hamlet. It was prior to WW2 and his number was Penzance 581.
They carried on running the farm and garage and eventually in the late 50’s started taking in holidaymakers for BB and evening meal.
Mulfra Quoit was one of the ancient attractions and was within walking distance of the farm. Dad used to take us to Tintagel, Merry Maidens and other places along with St Ives and Lands End. Madron Workhouse was very near and has quite a history.
I remember the evening walks down the lane to the village  and Dad scaring us when he hid behind the hedges and jumped out.
I also remember how creepy the house was. There were many stuffed birds and animals about the place and I remember the musty smell. There was a stuffed Cornish Chough at the bottom of the stairs which Dad joked about for years. We ran from bed to loo in the middle of the night. Karen remembers clearly the ghost of a young girl in white standing by the bed and not going away.
Even so, I think back on the visits with fondness in spite of the really horrible paintings of dying dogs and drowning girls.
We eventually stopped visiting, I think because the meals became more boring. I do recall the last year that we had milk pudding every night. I have never touched semolina, tapioca etc since.
William died on April 1988 and Dorothy died May 1991.

Vean means small and Mul is the Cornish version of round topped hill (Welsh is moel and English is knoll) Mulfra Vean likely means farmstead on the small hill.

Pobo vean means little people or piskies.



Karate and Death

A friend brought this video to my attention shortly after he uploaded it to YouTube.

My father and brother (both black belts) are on this clip which was broadcast on the local news back in 1991. They ran the karate club along with a couple of others. Dad appears initially at 1.06 walking behind Ron Davies and Mark shows up at various points in the clip.  Mark can be seen best at 1.32 fighting with Ron during his grading.

Sad thing is, several of those who appeared are now dead. Dad died shortly after the filming, then Mark (both at a  ridiculously young age), then Ron, then…

The moral of this story may be,
Don’t appear on local TV.

BTW. Mark (as was I) was a Special Constable and our colleagues had to attend his death. When they asked for volunteers from the force for his  full police funeral,  the list went on and on.  He had a motor cycle escort and police cars and a  guard of honour. The escort took us on a tour of the town which lasted 10 minutes instead of taking the hearse the 1 minute drive to the church. People stopped in the street. We were all too traumatised to record it but I did take this snap.  He would have loved it – had he been alive…

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